What Are the Risks of Having Asthma While Pregnant?

Asthma is a lung disease. It causes your airways to tighten up and makes it really hard for you to breathe. There is no cure yet known for this disease, but, it can be controlled naturally or through medication and this is why it is not ranked as a fatal disease.

For pregnant women, asthma can be a disaster for you and your unborn baby. If not controlled, this disease can lead to serious complications for you and the baby. You must work closely with your health care provider to prevent such complications from happening in the first place.

In this review, we take a look at some of the risks that are brought on by Asthma, and how you can take care of both you, and the unborn baby. Let’s get started.

What Are the Risks of Having Asthma While Pregnant?
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How Does Asthma Affect Pregnancy?

If you can keep your asthma under control, you do not need to worry about the complications as chances are high that you will not experience them. However, if you fail to control it then the conditions discussed below are likely to occur.

The most common condition that pregnant women with uncontrolled asthma go through is known as preeclampsia. This condition is most common after the 20th week or soon after the pregnancy. 

It rapidly raises your blood pressure and some of your internal organs like the liver or kidneys may stop functioning properly. Other symptoms include the presence of protein in the urine, blurred vision, and severe headaches. To your unborn child, asthma will deny them enough oxygen. This can put them at risk of health problems such as them being born prematurely.

Asthma can also affect the growth and development of some of the body organs of your baby. At times such babies are born with low weight. Babies born prematurely or with low birth weight end up with health problems such as breathing problems or intellectual disabilities such as cerebral palsy

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Asthma?

Asthma manifests in many ways. Some of the most common symptoms that indicate you are asthmatic are; you feel some form of tightness in the chest, or constant night and early morning coughing. You may also feel shortness of breath or a wheezing sound whenever you breathe.

You should visit a health care provider as soon as you start to experience one or all of them.

What Causes Asthma Symptoms?

Asthma can be caused by many factors. Below are the most common known causes of this condition.

Allergens

70% of people with asthma have allergies and their bodies react to allergens. Allergies are reactions that take place upon touching or breathing in some substance as a result it causes you to get a rash, sneeze constantly or endure a breathing problem or any other form of reaction.

Common allergens include pollens, dust mites animal dander, and cockroaches.  The best way to avoid having allergic reactions is to limit your contact with allergens. However, you may visit your health care provider who may prescribe allergy medications.

If you aren’t already getting allergy shots, it is advisable not to start now especially because you are pregnant. Starting medication now could cause you to have anaphylaxis, a serious allergic reaction.

Irritants

Irritants are elements within the environment that can hurt your lungs and trigger asthma symptoms. These include air pollution, smoke from burning wood and cigarettes, cold air, and strong smells from paint or perfumes.

Infections

Infections such as flu, pneumonia, or the common cold can trigger asthma symptoms in some people.

Exercise

Working out is known to be beneficial to most people. To others, however, this can be the cause of asthmatic symptoms. If exercises set off your asthma during pregnancy you will have to talk to your health care provider.

How is Asthma Treated during Pregnancy?

Now that we know the risks that asthma poses for you and your unborn baby, we need to make sure that it is managed throughout your pregnancy. Your health care provider will monitor your lungs from time to time and adjust your asthma medication whenever the need arises.

Is it Safe to Take Asthma Medicine during Pregnancy?

Limiting your exposure to allergens and irritants is your best choice. This is because too much medication can be dangerous to your unborn baby. However, at times the asthmatic symptoms won’t relent and your condition may get worse. This can be a danger to you and your baby hence raising the necessity to take medication. 

Ensure that you consult with your health care provider. Whether you had asthma before or you were diagnosed to have it during the pregnancy, you must manage it with the care and advice from a health professional. 

What Are the Risks of Having Asthma While Pregnant?
Image Source: Very Well Health

Conclusion

With this information, you are well equipped to take the necessary steps to protect you and your unborn baby. You can prevent asthma from negatively impacting your baby.