A molar pregnancy occurs when the placenta is not able to develop normally. When this happens, a tumor develops in the uterus, making the placenta a kind of sac filled with fluids, also known as cysts.
Studies have shown that 1 in every 1,000 pregnancies is a molar pregnancy. The placenta cannot nourish or help the baby grow, so this kind of pregnancy cannot even last for long. In some rare cases, the mother may develop health issues.
A molar pregnancy can also be called a mole or Trophoblastic disease. Having such pregnancies can happen to anyone regardless of age and even if they have had successful pregnancies before. Up next we’re going to tell you about the signs of a molar pregnancy.
What Causes Molar Pregnancies?
In a nutshell, a molar pregnancy is caused by an egg not able to fertilize normally. Human cells contain 23 pairs of chromosomes, and one in each chromosome comes from either the mother or the father.
In this case, an empty egg is usually fertilized by either one or two sperms. The mother’s chromosome eggs are inactivated or lost.
Signs of a Molar Pregnancy to Watch Out For
In the beginning, a molar pregnancy feels like a healthy pregnancy, and it might be hard to tell the difference between the two. However, as time goes by, you begin to develop signs and symptoms that indicate that something is off. Here are some of the symptoms to watch out for.
It’s not healthy to bleed while pregnant, and if this ever occurs, seek medical help immediately. In the first trimester, you might spot bright to dark brown bleeding. This typically happens up to 13 weeks. The bleeding might also have tissue clots or grape-like cysts. If you notice anything like this, call your doctor.
Severe Nausea and Vomiting With High hCG
The placenta creates the hormone hCG, and that is why most pregnant women experience a certain amount of nausea and vomiting. On the other hand, you will experience intense and severe nausea and vomiting because of the higher levels of hCG.
Pressure and Pelvic Pains
In molar pregnancies, tissues grow faster than they are supposed to do during the second trimester. Your bump might look too big for that stage, and this fast growth can also cause pain and pressure.
Other Symptoms to Look Out For
Once you visit your doctor, they should be able to do proper medical examinations. If you have any ovarian cysts, anemia, high blood pressure, hyperthyroidism, and pre-eclampsia, then the chances are high that it could be a molar pregnancy.
When Should One Seek Help
Whereas it’s easy to shun some of these symptoms thinking they’re common complications that come with pregnancy, call your GP if you have any of these symptoms and go for an ultrasound scan. If you have ever had a molar pregnancy before and perhaps think it’s happening again, contact your GP and inform them.
Apart from doing a scan, they will also carry out some blood tests to figure out the amount of pregnancy hormone, also referred to as the human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). If it’s a molar pregnancy, it will be higher than it should be in healthy pregnancies.
It’s not commonplace to find someone with a molar pregnancy, but they can happen to anyone regardless of age or background. It’s an emotionally draining experience for anyone even before the treatment and healing process.
Allow yourself time to grieve for this kind of loss and join any support groups to help you throughout your healing process. You can also go for therapy and counseling as it can help you stay positive and look forward to a healthy pregnancy in the future.