Having a baby is definitely an exciting yet challenging time for new parents. During your child’s infancy, they are in the process of developing various skills they will need later on in life.
As parents, you are in charge of taking care of them and helping them develop these skills in the right stages of their growth. While each child develops at their own pace, some milestones can give you a general idea of what to expect from your child as they grow.
Because you are with your child every step of the way, you are bound to notice important changes that happen as they grow. You want to keep track of these changes to gauge whether there may be problems with their development. Read on to learn more.
Infants and Toddlers: What Ages Are They?
Before we proceed with the most important milestones your kid will experience as they grow, you may be wondering at what ages your kid is considered an infant or a toddler.
According to the Centers for Disease Control Prevention (CDC), a child is considered an infant from ages 0 to 1 years old. When your kid reaches 1 year up to 3 years, they are considered a toddler.
At 2 to 12 Months
As little as children at 2 months old may be, they are already expected to show social and emotional capabilities. They show awareness of their parents and they try to look at you. They also begin to smile and exhibit the ability to briefly calm themselves down.
Cooing, gurgling, and turning their head toward sounds are also expected at two months. They also show signs of being bored. In terms of physical development, they can hold their heads high and push themselves up. Leg and arm movements are also smoother.
As the month’s pass, they begin to refine these skills. They can smile spontaneously and play with people at 4 months. They can also copy movements and expressions. At 6 months. They begin to respond to other people’s emotions.
At the 9 Month Mark
When they reach 9 months, they show fear of strangers and clinginess with familiar adults. They can also understand the word “no” and make sounds, such as “mama” and “baba”. They also have object permanence and will look for things you hide.
At this point, babies can stand and hold on to things. They can also get into a sitting position and sit without support. Crawling is also normal, as is trying to stand up.
At 1 to 2 Years
When your child reaches 1 years old, they begin to cry when parents leave. They also exhibit fear in certain situations and can gesture when they want something, such as being read a book.
They also start to understand simple requests and respond using simple gestures. When it comes to speaking, they can now make intonations that sound more like speaking. They also try to imitate words.
In terms of cognition, they can explore their surroundings and things by touch, specifically by banging, shaking, and throwing. They can also use their pointer finger to refer to things.
At 1 ½ years old, they can walk alone, drink from a cup, and eat with a spoon. They also start to run.
At 2 to 3 Years
Upon reaching 2 years old, they start to become more independent, even defiant. They can point to things when named and can identify parts of the body. They can follow instructions and respond with sentences of up to 4 words.
Sorting shapes and colors, as well as completing sentences can be observed during this age. This is the age when they exhibit which hand they use more often. Standing on tiptoe, kicking balls, running, and climbing are practiced during this age.
At 3, they begin to understand the notion of possessions. They also exhibit a wider range of emotions. Knowing the names of things, playing with moving parts, finishing puzzles, and stacking building blocks can also be observed.
Babies may develop at different paces, but by taking note of these milestones, you can observe your child’s progress. This way, you can see where they are in their journey from being an infant to being a toddler.