During the early stages of life, babies are most vulnerable to becoming sick as their bodies develop immunity to infections and common illnesses.
It’s hard to stop your child from getting sick, but the more informed you are, the more you’ll be equipped to recognize your child’s ailments.
Check out this guide to some of the babies’ most common illnesses and when to seek a professional opinion.
In newborns and babies, jaundice is very common. It happens when the baby’s blood contains an excess of bilirubin, which causes the skin to be yellowish pigmented.
It occurs because the baby’s liver is not mature enough to eliminate the blood’s excess bilirubin. Typically, neonatal jaundice resolves with time. It should, in most cases, disappear within 2 to 3 weeks after the baby’s birth.
However, if it lasts for more than 3 weeks, it may be a sign of an underlying illness, and parents should contact their baby’s doctor.
In infants, colic is very familiar, but that doesn’t make it easier to manage for parents. He may have colic when a baby constantly cries for no apparent reason, particularly in the evening.
The exact cause of colic is not understood, and some hypotheses behind it say that it may be due to gas, stomach pain-causing hormones, light or sound overstimulation, or maybe an affected digestive system. In full-term babies, colic begins at 2 weeks and should subside when the baby is 3 months of age.
However, if this condition continues, it may be due to milk formula allergy or some other underlying condition. To have the disease properly diagnosed, it is best to visit a pediatrician.
Bluish Skin and Apnea
Newborns appear to have hands and feet that are bluish. However, as blood circulation increases in their bodies, the blue hue disappears in time. But if you find a bluish tinge around your baby’s mouth and it lasts along with breathing problems for a long time, it could mean that the heart and lungs of the baby do not function well.
If the breathing stops for 15 to 20 seconds and has bluish eyes, your baby may have apnea. The indicated underlying disorder is a heart disease that requires medical treatment and intervention.
This happens when, due to a blockage in his nasal passage, there is insufficient oxygen for the infant. Owing to the absence of oxygen, the baby may have bluish skin.
The newborn baby needs a couple of hours to learn to breathe normally.
Prevalent skin conditions that can be uncomfortable for a baby are concerns such as diaper rash and cradle cap. The baby can get diaper rash due to the long-wearing of wet or soiled diapers or an allergic reaction to the diaper’s dyes or contents.
It is recommended to change diapers regularly and to use a potent diaper rash cream. If the infant has a cradle cap, it may be due to excess oil development by skin glands covering hair follicles. Scalp scales are the main symptom of the cradle hat.
To loosen and clear the scales on his scalp, you should regularly wash your baby’s hair with a mild shampoo. This condition should be fixed within a few months, but check with your baby’s doctor if it doesn’t.
In newborns and infants, health problems and diseases are most often resolved on their own with time as babies become more vital and learn to cope. Yet, as parents, stay vigilant.
Take your baby to the pediatrician for routine checkups, practice hygiene, and keep a relaxed and serene mind, most of all.