The work of your kidneys is to remove fluids and waste from your blood so it can make urine. But, sometimes when you have too much of certain wastes, and you don’t have enough fluid in your blood, the waste builds up and sticks together inside the kidneys. These clumps are called kidney stones.
Almost everyone can suffer from kidney stones, although there are some who are more likely than others. Men get them more often than women, and they are also less common with non-Hispanic people than people of other communities.
You are most likely to have kidney stones if you have had them before, you have a history of kidney stones in your family, if you do not drink enough water, if you follow a diet that is high in sodium or sugar, if you are obese or overweight, if you have had gastric bypass surgery, or if you have polycystic kidney disease. Read on to learn more about kidney stones and associated pain.
The Pain of Kidney Stones
The pain you feel when you have a kidney stone is actually excruciating. Most people who have never had a kidney stone may be having some great discomfort, but have no idea why. In reality, these stones are usually silent – asymptomatic until they start to pass.
A stone can grow from three millimeters to even larger, and this usually blocks the ureter as it moves from the kidney on to the bladder.
This movement is what causes the unbearable pain in the lower back, or the right flack of your groin. The pain can be ongoing or intermittent.
How Do You Know You Have Kidney Stones?
Now, the pain is only one of the symptoms of kidney stones, and understanding the warning signs is important to help you deal with the condition. It will also help you secure a quick diagnosis and treatment of kidney stones.
Here are some symptoms you should look out for, so you can seek medical attention immediately.
This pain will prevent you from finding a comfortable sitting position, and it also includes some severe pain to your lower abdomen, back, and groin. If it is not relieved by changing the positions, then you could possibly have a kidney stone.
Depending on the size of the stone, it may be lodged either in your kidney or bladder. This pain will come in waves that will be stabbing or throbbing.
It can last from 20 mints to an hour, and if it doesn’t relieve, then you need to see a doctor.
Nausea and Vomiting
If the pain is too severe, it may cause nausea or vomiting. The patient needs to go to the emergency room as soon as possible.
It is often described as the worst pain that anyone can have, and if you suspect you have it, you must seek treatment.
Chills and Fever
Fever and chills will often occur when there is an infection present. It is important to go to the doctor so you can eliminate the chances of developing sepsis.
Blood in the Urine
There may be some visible blood in your urine, known as hematuria. This is an indication that the stone has already started passing from the kidney on to the bladder, and it is now lodged in the ureter, which is the tube that connects the kidneys to the bladder.
Since the ureter measures around 3-4 mm in diameter, the stone is going to be larger than this space, and this is where you may see blood.
If not taken care of, it can tear the ureter and introduce blood into your tract.
The blockage of the ureter will cause some difficulties when passing the urine. If you cannot pass urine, then you may end up with an infection.
This stone can also be in the urethra, which is the tube that passes urine to the bladder, and this will cause you to have painful urination.
Kidney stones are a serious medical condition that require medical attention. If you find that you exhibit any of the above symptoms, seek medical attention immediately.