Dec 092013
 



Diapers

Newborns may use 10 or more diapers a day; meaning the new parents spend a long time on changing their baby – especially at the beginning 🙂 After a couple of days / weeks, changing becomes easier; but it may be really hard at the beginning… My boys loved to pee when we were changing them – I think this is the fact for many babies… So, the point is: the faster you become the less of a chance that you will end up with pee everywhere 🙂 I’m sure there are many videos on YouTube on changing the babies – so I will not go into the details… One thing that I can tell you about this is this: if your baby needs to be changed regularly – this is a good thing. It shows that, everything is working fine in your little baby’s body. Since they cannot talk and tell us what they need or how they feel, we must use whatever they ‘produce’ to understand their needs… A diaper (also called a nappy in South Africa, Ireland, United Kingdom, New Zealand and Australia) is a kind of underwear that allows one to defecate or urinate in a discreet manner. When diapers become soiled, they require changing; this process is often performed by a second person such as a parent or caregiver. Failure to change a diaper on a regular enough basis can result in skin problems. Diapers are made of cloth or synthetic disposable materials. Cloth diapers are composed of layers of fabric such as cotton, hemp, bamboo or microfiber and can be washed and reused multiple times. Disposable diapers contain absorbent chemicals and are thrown away after use. Plastic pants can be worn over diapers to avoid leaks, but with modern cloth diapers, this is no longer necessary. There are 2 main types of diapers : Disposable Diapers and Cloth Diapers

Disposable Diapers

These are the diapers that basically you use and put garbage. No cleaning and laundry is needed for the diaper. You can get them from every corner.

In the beginning don’t buy one big box of newborn diaper because if your baby born bigger than average size you will need bigger diaper than new born size. Buy just one package, that will be enough for 2 days. After than you can order online (Amazon Subscribe and Save has good price), or you can have walk with your baby and buy one.

There are many different brands in the market. -Again- Don’t buy a lot before testing them with your baby. Some baby’s skins are too sensitive and you never know which brand will work better with your baby’s skin. Better to have small boxes from couple different brands at the beginning, and test them. Once you find the right one, then you can start getting the same brand diaperswith bigger boxes.

Modern disposable baby diapers and incontinence products have a layered construction, which allows the transfer and distribution of urine to an absorbent core structure where it is locked in. Basic layers are an outer shell of breathable polyethylene film or a nonwoven and film composite which prevents wetness and soil transfer, an inner absorbent layer of a mixture of air-laid paper and superabsorbent polymers for wetness, and a layer nearest the skin of nonwoven material with a distribution layer directly beneath which transfers wetness to the absorbent layer.

Other common features of disposable diapers include one or more pairs of either adhesive or velcro tapes to keep the diaper securely fastened. Some diapers have tapes which are refastenable to allow adjusting of fit or reapplication after inspection. Elasticized fabric single and double gussets around the leg and waist areas aid in fitting and in containing urine or stool which has not been absorbed. In fact, the first patent for the use of double gussets in a diaper was in 1973 by the Procter & Gamble Company. Some diapers lines now commonly include wetness indicators, in which a chemical included in the fabric of the diaper changes color in the presence of moisture to alert the carer or user that the diaper is wet. A disposable diaper may also include an inner fabric designed to hold moisture against the skin for a brief period before absorption to alert a toilet training or bedwetting user that they have urinated. Most materials in the diaper are held together with the use of a hot melt adhesive, which is applied in spray form or multi lines, an elastic hot melt is also used to help with pad integrity when the diaper is wet.

Some disposable diapers include fragrances, lotions or essential oils in order to help mask the scent of a soiled diaper, or to protect the skin. Care of disposable diapers is minimal, and primarily consists of keeping them in a dry place before use, with proper disposal in a garbage receptacle upon soiling. Stool is supposed to be deposited in the toilet, but is generally put in the garbage with the rest of the diaper.


 

Cloth Diapers

cloth diapers are reusable and can be made from natural fibers, man-made materials, or a combination of both. They are often made from industrial cotton which may be bleached white or left the fiber’s natural color. Other natural fiber cloth materials include wool, bamboo, and unbleached hemp. Man-made materials such as an internal absorbent layer of microfiber toweling or an external waterproof layer of polyurethane laminate (PUL) may be used. Polyester fleece and faux suedecloth are often used inside cloth diapers as a “stay-dry” wicking liner because of the non-absorbent properties of those synthetic fibers.

Traditionally, cloth diapers consisted of a folded square or rectangle of cloth, fastened with safety pins. Today, most cloth diapers are fastened with hook and loop tape (velcro) or snaps.

Modern cloth diapers come in a host of shapes, including preformed cloth diapers, all-in-one diapers with waterproof exteriors, fitted diaper with covers and pocket or “stuffable” diapers, which consist of a water-resistant outer shell sewn with an opening for insertion of absorbent material inserts. Many design features of modern cloth diapers have followed directly from innovations initially developed in disposable diapers, such as the use of the hour glass shape, materials to separate moisture from skin and the use of double gussets, or an inner elastic band for better fit and containment of waste material. Several cloth diaper brands use variations of Procter & Gamble’s original 1973 patent use of a double gusset in Pampers.

The environmental impact of cloth as compared to disposable diapers has been studied several times. In one cradle-to-grave study sponsored by the National Association of Diaper Services (NADS) and conducted by Carl Lehrburger and colleagues, results found that disposable diapers produce seven times more solid waste when discarded and three times more waste in the manufacturing process. In addition, effluents from the plastic, pulp, and paper industries are far more hazardous than those from the cotton-growing and -manufacturing processes.

Cloth diaper users can reduce their environmental impacts by:

  • Line drying outside whenever possible
  • Tumble drying as little as possible
  • When replacing appliances, choosing more energy efficient appliances (A+ rated machines [according to the EU environmental rating] are preferred)
  • Not washing above 60 °C (140 °F)
  • Washing fuller loads
  • Reusing nappies on other children.

Cloth diapers or Disposable diapers?

We have used disposable diapers for both out kids (the second one is on potty training right now). Honestly, we haven’t considered to use the cloth diapers at all. But now when I look online, I see many happy parents with cloth diapers. That’s why I cannot simply say, ‘you should go ahead with disposable diapers’ to you. However, I think everybody is agrees the convenience of disposable ones – especially when you are traveling. I need to mentioned that, most of the daycares don’t accept cloth diapers…

An aspect to consider when choosing between disposable diapers and cloth diapers is cost. It is estimated that an average baby will use from $1,500 to $2,000 or more in disposable diapers before being potty-trained. In contrast, cloth diapers, while initially more expensive than disposables, cost as low as $300 for a basic set of cloth diapers, although costs can rise with more expensive options. The cost of washing and drying diapers must also be considered. The basic set, if one-sized, can last from birth to potty-training.

Another factor in reusable cloth diaper impact is the ability to re-use the diapers for subsequent children or sell them on. These factors can alleviate the environmental and financial impact from manufacture, sale and use of brand-new reusable diapers.

No huge disparity on Health and Comfort point of view, as long as you change baby’s diaper when it’s full (more often with cloth). Leaving on a soiled diaper increases risk of diaper rash, and isn’t too pleasant for baby. Your baby might prefer the softer feel of cloth diapers. Disposable diapers are more breathable, but their moisturizing, absorbent chemicals irritate some babies.

The last point; it is proven that kids who grow up in cloth diapers are potty trained earlier because they can actually feel when they are wet.

The bottom line: cloth vs disposable diapers is truly a personal decision. At this point, it is up to you to decide what to use for your little one.

  One Response to “Diapers – Disposable/Cloth Diapers”

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